Capacitors are passive devices that are used in almost all electrical circuits for rectification, coupling and tuning. Also known as condensers, a capacitor is simply two electrical conductors separated by an insulating layer called a dielectric. The conductors are usually thin layers of aluminum foil, while the dielectric can be made up of many materials including paper, mylar, polypropylene, ceramic, mica, and even air. Electrolytic capacitors have a dielectric of aluminum oxide which is formed through the application of voltage after the capacitor is assembled. Characteristics of different capacitors are determined by not only the material used for the conductors and dielectric, but also by the thickness and physical spacing of the components.
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Orange DropOrange Drop capacitors have set the standard for "modern" capacitors in appearance and performance since the 1960's.
- 16µF, 475VDC
- Rated for -25° C through +85° C
- Tolerance ± 20%
- Ripple current rated at 90mA rms at 120 Hz 105° C
- Measures 26mm in length x 13mm in diameter.
General purpose polypropylene film capacitor.
- Dissipation Factor: 0.001 Max at 1000 Hz and 25°C , 0.004 Max at 10 kHz and 25°C
- Temperature Coefficient: -200 PPM/°C: -100 PPM/°C, 100 PPM/°C
- ESR: 53.588 Ohms at 1 kHz and 20°C
- Self Inductance: 1 Nanohenries maximum per mm of body length and lead length
- dvdt: 15 V/µs
- Tolerance: -10 % , +10 %
- Temperature Range: -55°C to +105°C
- Above 85°C the rated (DC/AC) voltage must be derated at per 1.25%°C
- WVDC: 400 Volts DC
- VAC: 220 Volts AC
- Terminal to Terminal Dielectric strength: 1.6 times the rated DC voltage when applied between the terminals for 2 seconds
- Terminal to case Dielectric strength: 2 VAC when applied between the terminals and case for 2~5 seconds
- Insulation Resistance (Terminal to Terminal): 30000 MINIMUM after 100 Volts DC is applied for 60 seconds at 20°C
- Insulation resistance (Termi